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INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: TRANSNATIONALIZATION OF CAPITAL, STATE AND DOMINANT CLASS (1982-2015)

Abstract

The present research project – from an interdisciplinary perspective and through a series of questions that raised the socio-economic structure and the incidence of political instances in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean – aims to generally identify, analyze and explain the processes of economic transnationalization in the region, examining in detail the implications of this configuration both in the economic and social plan and in the game of interests and the making of public decisions both internally and externally.

The period under study ranges from the beginning of the Latin American and Caribbean debt crisis in 1982 to the present. In this way, the work faces us with the characteristics of imperialism’s action under different economic models and its consequences in different territorial contexts.

Project Period: 3/13/2017 to 8/1/2023

Director: Fernando Romero Wimer

Financial aid: UNILA (12/17/2019 to 12/15/2019) PRPPG-UNILA Notice N ° 80/2019

EDUCATIONAL INTEGRATION IN MERCOSUR: THE CASE OF REVALIDATION AND RECOGNITION OF UNIVERSITY DEGREES

Abstract

The Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) is a sub-regional integration project that was born on March 26, 1991, after the signing of the Treaty of Asuncion by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Although this bloc was developed in fact as a customs union, the Treaty of AsunciĂłn contained a series of ideas for achieving deep integration, including around basic and higher education. Therefore, it is noted that since the beginning of MERCOSUR, political institutions and measures aimed at education have been created, including with regard to the recognition and revalidation of university degrees and graduate degrees.

In this project, we want to examine the case of educational integration in MERCOSUR, with an emphasis on countries in the tri-national region: Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. More specifically, we want to address the phenomenon of educational transnationalization, mechanisms and limitations of recognition and revalidation of university and graduate degrees, the validation of peoples in the Triple Border, and its impact on the subjectivities of the actors involved in the approval process.

In methodological terms, we will resort to the triangulation strategy, using qualitative research techniques, especially, surveying and analyzing primary and secondary written sources, and conducting interviews.

Project Period: 11/19/2018 to 11/16/2020

Director: Paula Fernández Hellmund

Financial aid : UNILA (12/04/2018 up to 12/04/2020) Public Notice PRPPG-UNILA N° 137/2018

FOREIGN CAPITAL, EXTRACTIVISM AND SOCIAL CONFLICT IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN (1990-2018)

Abstract

Since the end of the twentieth century, we have seen the emergence of an extractive-type accumulation model that is part of the rise of neoliberalism and the reprimanding of Latin American economies. Central America and the Caribbean are not the exception to this phenomenon, related not only to changes in the capitalist system since the end of the last century, but also to the relevance of this region in terms of socio-cultural diversity and natural resources. Likewise, the region has mineral, energy and water resources, which, together with its character as a bridge between South and North America, the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, give it a highly relevant geopolitical character.

The exploitation of local resources and the installation of the extractive model have been expressed through the actions of national and foreign companies that have the support of local states. Likewise, the populations affected by this model have been generating numerous marches and acts of protest, which has led to the criminalization, judicialization and repression of social conflicts by national states.

Therefore, the present proposal aims to analyze the dynamics of foreign capital in Central America and the Caribbean and the political, economic and socio-environmental impacts of the intensification of the extractive model in the region between 1990 and 2018.

Project Period: 8/1/2018 to 8/1/2024

Director: Paula Fernández Hellmund

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